But you have to know the potential dangers to which you expose yourself when you choose a cat as a pet. Cats are among the choices made by many animal lovers when they want a friend.
But few people know what problems they can have with them. A leading position among these diseases is occupied by parasitic diseases.
Toxoplasmosis is the most dreaded zoonotic parasitic in nature that can be transmitted from cats to humans. This parasite has two hosts. An intermediate host represented by over 300 species of birds and animals. Cat can be a definitive host and intermediate host.
The parasite can multiply in all tissues and organs, having a special affinity for the neurons and the retinal cells. Toxoplasmosis infection during pregnancy causes malformation of the fetus. The sources of contamination are the animals with latent infection.
The source of infection is the Toxocarid parasite, hosted by the cat’s small intestine. Ascaridiasis are known under the common name of “roundworm”. The sources of contamination are infested cats. Men often becomes contaminated by not washing their hands after touching contaminated animals. In adults, Ascariasis evolves slowly, but in children case is manifested by severe disorders, especially for the eye and can lead to blindness.
This is a common parasitic infestation of the dog and cat, which occurs in the last portion of the small intestine of these animals. Human accidental contamination is through contact with infected animals, children allergic phenomena can be observed, sialorrhea (excessive secretion of saliva), diarrhea, perianal pruritus (itching around the anus), restless sleep. Elimination of proglottids (pieces of the body itself) intensifies anal itching allergic in nature, which is characteristic clinical signs and other parasitic diseases.
Lymphoreticular benign disease is transmitted by the bite or scratch of the cat. The cat is just a vehicle of his own, without clinically evident disease. In humans, skin lesions caused by cats is accompanied by inflammation of the regional lymph nodes and fever. Treatment involves antibiotics and sometimes surgery to drain the abscess is formed.
Dermatomycoses are common diseases transmitted through contact with sick animals. The most common illness caused by fungi are trichophyton, microspores and scab. They manifest themselves as skin hairless and at the level of the hair. The lesions are accompanied by hair loss (where available), itching, with a tendency to generalize. Transmission is achieved by direct contact with sick animals, but also with bedding and objects they come into contact.
And, finally, another danger to which we expose is the so-called allergy to cat hair. In fact, this is some potential allergenic secretions and excretions (saliva, urine, sebum) that reach the cat’s coat. An allergic reaction occurs, generally in the form of mild respiratory problems and skin rashes, may go, in serious cases, to asthmatic symptoms.